DEFINING AND MEASURING BIODIVERSITY

Overview

In response to the variable effects of conservation efforts and loss of biodiversity, zoos began to turn their attention to the conservation of endangered species and wildlife in the 1970s and 1980s. Supporting conservation efforts became an important goal for the modern zoo. A major milestone towards this goal was the Convention on Biodiversity which was signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. As the modern zoo continues to focus its efforts towards conservation, it has been seen by many as a sort of “Noah’s Ark,” primarily focused on conserving the precious few endangered species. Unfortunately, genetic, ecosystem and economic issues have created challenges for the conservation model of the modern zoo. Read the following articles that expand on the conservation efforts of zoos and their use of technology towards this goal.

Readings

Keulartz, J. (2015). Captivity for conservation? Zoos at a crossroads. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics.

Kobilinsky, D. (2016). New live cam technology might help conservation. Accessed August 13, 2016, at http://wildlife.org/new-live-cam-technology-might-help-conservation/.

Genetics

Research has shown that zoos currently hold about 15% of the endangered land animals in captivity. There remains a continual struggle to breed these animals due to low numbers. A zoo’s ability to maintain enough genetic variability among individual species is impossible and space limitations prevent expansion to allow the influx of more animals.

Economics

The secondary goal for many zoos, that of reintroduction to the wild, also faces challenges due to the costs involved, from financial to ecological. Animals living in captivity often lose the necessary skills to survive in the wild once released.

Ecosystems

Lastly, the ecosystems into which the captive animals are eventually released are constantly changing. Many factors may have affected their previous habitat, preventing the animal’s chance at a successful re-introduction to the wild.

Education and Technology

Technology and education have also been identified as important components in maintaining the biodiversity of the natural world. Zoos are in a unique position to educate the public about conservation issues and they are continually looking for ways to convey this information to visitors. The Metro Richmond Zoo uses video cam technology to encourage cheetah conservation by streaming live footage of cheetah litters online. Viewers witness the day-to-day lives of the cheetah cubs without human interference or disturbance.

Answer the following questions in complete sentences using an essay format. See the SLP Assignment Expectations for further directions on formatting and organization.

Assignment Directions:

Discuss how zoos have evolved over the past 50 years to become conservation centers. Incorporate the role of zoos in educating the public into your response.
Discuss some of the economic pressures faced by zoos—namely space, capacity, and resources—that can affect their conservation efforts.
How does a species get on the Endangered Species List?
Take a virtual trip to the zoo using one of the links below and observe at least one of the endangered species.
Take a Virtual Visit to the Zoo

You can take a virtual visit to the zoo any day of the week by tuning into any of the following live webcams, which feature many endangered animals. The World Wildlife Fund lists many of these animals as priority species.

Watch elephants at the Smithsonian Zoo on the elephant cam:
The Houston Zoo has some of the best webcams of gorillas, rhinos, elephants, flamingos, and giraffes here: http://www.houstonzoo.org/meet-the-animals/animal-webcams/
The Reid Park Zoo in Arizona has webcams of lions, giraffes, elephants, lemurs, grizzly bears, and flamingos here: http://reidparkzoo.org/cameras/elephant-cam/
See pandas, elephants, apes or polar bears (the elephant has the most informative cam view) at the San Diego Zoo
Pick an animal webcam of your choice
Make your own ethogram. An ethogram is a graph or chart of animal behavior that is used to compare certain behaviors that can be observed while animals are in captivity. Choose one animal from the webcam links above and observe its behavior at several different times during the day or over the course of several days. Take notes on its behavior using the ethnogram (include this chart in your essay). Choose 4 or 5 different time points (on the hour or half hour, it does not need to be the same day or the exact time point).
Give your chart a title and include it in your essay.

Ethogram Document

Did your perception of the species you watched change as a result of seeing it on the webcam? Why or why not?
Do you believe technology has a positive influence on people’s feelings toward wildlife and conservation? Why or why not?

Mary Lease, “In Defense of Home and Hearth

Now that you’ve got a good grasp of how to address the historical context for a source, it’s time to bring in the primary source!

In this paper you will start with the same process you did in the Historical Context Paper. Pick one of the primary sources from Unit 2 (Unit 2 Primary Sources & Questions) and start by addressing the historical context. The first paragraph of this paper should look just like the Historical Context Paper. However, now you will write a second paragraph (another 150-200 words: your total paper is now 300-400 words) tying the primary source into the historical context. Find specific examples from the source (either quote or paraphrase them) and connect them to the context. What was the purpose of the source? How did it fit into the world in which it was created? What impact did it have? Why was it important?

You will use the textbook and primary source to find this information and must cite them when you do so. Citations should use the following format (Author last name or short title, page number if available) and appear at the end of the sentence, not the end of the quote or paraphrase. So the textbook should be cited (Spielvogel, 101) and a source may be cited (Edict of Milan). Remember that citations are needed for direct quotes and paraphrasing.

Here is an example from a student in a past semester: Sinners Source Analysis Paper.docx

Note that in the above example, the second paragraph uses specific examples from the source and connects them back to the context (with citations).

Capstone project Public Health

M4A1: Filling in the Missing Pieces – What Evidence Was Missing?
In module 2, you evaluated the evidence in your information folder for relevance and applicability to the problem and organization. You also evaluated it for credibility of sources.
This week, you will focus on what was missing from the portfolio provided in terms of evidence, information, and data. Your goal will be to add articles and other credible information to the portfolio – to fill in the gaps. Be sure to focus on the missing evidence from the portfolio, not from the actual case scenario/video. Specifically, you will write a paper that describes what was missing and how this information would assist you in addressing the problem or issue you were charged to address.
The purpose of the assignment is for you to continue to demonstrate your mastery of the following BHS program outcome:
PO1: Identify and evaluate evidence to guide decision making.

Anthony Lewis’s – Freedom For the Thought That We Hate

Teacher notes: You are a reviewer for the NYTimes and Social Issues Review a/k/a Corpus Juris Absurdum Ad Infinitum.
Did not say much about structure just that we can refer to Strunk and White “Elements of Style”- https://www.brucewelton.com/2014/06/11/summary-the-elements-of-style-by-strunk-and-white/

Organizational Ethics

Which do you think would be more effective for shaping long-term ethical behavior in an organization: a written code of ethics combined with ethics training or strong ethical leadership? Which would have more impact on you? Why?

Dinosaur Paleontology

Reflection paper on writer’s choice on anything to do with dinosaur paleontology. American sources please.

Global Citizenship

Conduct research on what it means to be a global citizen and why it is important to practice global citizenship.

Criminal Justice

The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution protects against unreasonable government search and seizure. One of the primary areas of protection is the threshold, the literal doorway to one’s home. When the police wish to search someone’s home they must first obtain a warrant, unless they are proceeding under one of the recognized exceptions to the written warrant requirement.

matrix structure

Management, Twelfth Edition
Richard L. Daft,
with the assistance of Patricia G. Lane
Chapter 10 and 11

No need MLA format , only Discussion
Question
First, describe what the matrix structure is. In what types of organizations would the matrix structure work best? It has been argued that the matrix structure should be adopted only as a last resort because the dual chains of command can create more problems than they solve. Do you agree or disagree? Why? Respond in 15 more sentences at lease .

Internet Society Summary

Read the paper: https://www.internetsociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/ISOC-History-of-the-Internet_1997.pdf (Links to an external site.) about the historical origins of the Internet.

This is less a research paper than most we will read. It’s more of a historical telling of how things came together to give us the Internet that we have today. So you don’t need to provide a technical breakdown of the merits of the paper, nor are there novel things to evaluate.

The summary should be approximately 1-page (assuming it’s single spaced). Focus your summary on a few aspects that you found interesting about the article, you don’t need to thoroughly walk through the entire thing. Keep it pithy!